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Preamble- Austria

The Austrian school as an institution (at the level of primary schools and schools of lower secondary education) has committed itself to providing joint education for children and adolescents irrespective of possible disabilities. This is possible in different settings, according to different concepts and didactic models. However, in all of these settings the objectives remain the same. In addition, it is the parents' right to decide whether they send their children to inclusive schools or not.

'Today, integration stands for a broad international movement to implement human rights on the basis of equal and non-discriminatory participation in and sharing of a common, non-segregative and non-separative culture'.

Inclusion characterises a culture which is oriented towards a public spirit. In terms of an inclusive learning culture this means that:

Everyone may learn everything according to his/her way, and everyone will receive the required support through special teachers and other resources'.

In the field of education integration represents the concept of conserving and restoring common life environments and learning environments of both disabled and non-disabled persons, of persons with different languages, religions and cultures, for the sake of the promotion of the development of all people. (Wohlhart, D. 2004).  

Sources:

  • Qual-I-ty and Integration. Contributions to the 8th Forum for Teachers in Service. Papers of the Federal Teacher Training Academy in Upper Austria, Volume 16.
  • Wohlhart, D. in: Feyerer, E. & Prammer, W. (Hrsg.): Qual-I-tät und Integration. Beiträge zum 8. PraktikerInnenforum. Schriften der Pädagogischen Akademie des Bundes in Oberösterreich, Band 16. Linz: Universitätsverlag Rudolf Trauner, 2004
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