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Preamble - Estonia

The following terms and definitions have been used in the present report:

  1. Primary education – grades 1-6 (age group 7-12), corresponds to the I and II stage of education. Based on ISCED 1997.
  2. Compulsory schooling – children from 7 years until either they graduate from basic school (9 years of schooling) or they turn 17 years old. Compulsory school – grades 1-9.
  3. Grading – assessment of pupils´ study results in numerical value
  4. Assessment – a) assessment of pupils´ needs and abilities; b) assessment of pupils´ study results (numerical)
  5. Assessment – verbal assessment of pupils´ study. Assessment can be either in oral or written form.
  6. Tutoring - a class teacher or subject teacher offers help and assistance to a pupil, usually in a case of temporary difficulties.
  7. Corrective teaching (remedial teaching) – teaching done in small groups by a special teacher.
  8. National Standardised Determined test – national tests taken at the end of the I school stage (3rd grade) and II school stage (6th grade).
  9. Repeating a study year – a pupil may repeat a study year if his/her results are unsatisfactory according to the regulations
  10. Capitation money – a certain amount of money every pupil `brings´ to a school.
  11. Social pedagogue – a staff member who works within the school with pupils who have social problems
  12. the National Simplified Curriculum – a curriculum for pupils with special educational needs (mild mental disability)
  13. the National Curriculum for pupils with moderate and severe learning disability
  14. Juvenile committee – a committee working at a county, municipal, or city regional government. Its main aim is to coordinate the criminal preventive work with juveniles in their administrative territory, also implementation of sanctions designated to juvenile offenders
  15. Consultation committee – a committee working at a county government dealing with special needs issues. The committee consists of the following specialists: a speech therapist, special teacher, psychologist, social worker and representative of local authorities
  16. Progress meeting – a meeting between teacher, pupil and parents. The meeting is held at least once a year to discuss pupil´s progress.
  17. Language immersion programme – a special programme aimed at non-Estonian speaking pupils in order to acquire the Estonian language without harming their mother tongue skills.
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