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Descriptions of the legal system for assessment - Lithuania

The curriculum at school level is defined by the General Curriculum and Educational Standards for pre-school, primary and basic education (2003) and General Education Plans (2005-2007).
The Concept of Assessment of Pupils’ Achievement and Progress (approved by the Minister of Education and Science in 2004-02-25, the Law No 256) and the Concept of Primary Education (approved by the Minister of Education and Science in 2003-02-03, the Law No113) dictate assessment in primary education.
The Concept of primary education defines the assessment of primary school pupils’ achievement and progress:

  • The assessment of primary school pupils’ achievement and progress is the integral part of primary school pupils’ education.
  • The goal of assessment is, to help pupils to strive toward general education objectives, encourage the pupil’s maturity, raise learning motivation, extend emotions, improve the pupil’s progress and achievement, predict future learning, correct the process of education and inform pupils, their parents, school community and society.
  • The assessment of primary school pupils’ achievement and progress is based on the idiographic principle co-ordinating formal (criterion – referenced non-grade) assessment with informal assessment.
  • Ways and procedures of assessment suit the young learner’s needs, personality and requirements of standards.
  • The methodology of assessment may be different but it must foster the pupil’s personality, encourage his/her success, progress, positive personal features and creativity and improve personal achievements.
  • The teacher uses their own chosen assessment form, remarks, profiles, descriptions, reviews etc., the results of assessment are noted in log books, pupil achievement record books, registers etc, assessment material (examples of pupils’ work, workbooks tasks, tests etc) is collected and portfolios are made.
  • According to the results of criterion referenced assessment and informal assessment (monitoring, discussion, analysis etc), teacher corrects his own teaching techniques, content and requirements.
  • Parents are informed about their pupils’ progress and achievements regularly, properly and intelligibly showing the pupil’s achievements, indicating discrepancies and finding possible ways to eliminate them.

According to the documents mentioned above schools choose individual assessment methods and forms in the classroom. Primary school children are not given grades (marks). Feedback techniques include giving comments soon after the work is finished, using peer and self-assessment, confirming what pupils get right, identifying errors and gaps for giving specific and direct support to help pupils. The main idea is assessment for learning not assessment of learning.

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