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People involved in assessment - Lithuania

Pupils

Pupils and their teachers discuss about the syllabus and objectives, create the criteria of assessment and analyse the information of assessment together. Pupils learn to do assessment and self-assessment of their progress and achievements with teachers’ assistance and plan their future learning, according to their progress.

Parents

Parents (foster parents) who have children with learning difficulties, can get help from the school special education commission or PPS and be informed about their pupils’ education by the Educational institutions and Pedagogical Psychological Centres. According to the Law on Education of the Republic of Lithuania 2004-18-03, 33 clause, “Parents of Pupils with SEN can participate in the pupil’s assessment and get necessary information about the assessment results”.

Teachers

  • Plan and do the assessment of pupil’s progress and achievement throughout the education process, according to the way chosen
  • Assess the pupil’s achievements
  • Implement assessment information according to the school regulations
  • Inform pupils, their parents, colleagues and administration about pupils’ learning, progress and discrepancies
  • ANALYSE and correct teaching techniques and pupils’ learning according to assessment information
  • Provide necessary help for pupils with learning difficulties
  • Co-ordinate the methodology of pupils’ progress and achievement.

Education Department of local-government administration

The Education Department of local-government administration analyses the assessment information of schools and makes decisions according to it; assesses the quality of school work paying attention to social-cultural context, ensures order of national tests and exams co-ordinating it with the school and teachers, ensure the availability of in-service training for teachers.

Ministry of Education and Science

The Ministry of Education and Science approves documents related to formal education and the assessment of pupils’ achievement, organises pupils’ achievement assessment at the end of primary, general and secondary school education programs, ensures the quality analysis of the National study of students’ achievement results, its introduction to the society etc.

Pupil’s participation in assessment

The most important part of assessment for pupils with special educational needs is on-going assessment. Pupils take part in the assessment according to their capabilities and the type of difficulties. They and their teachers try to discuss about the syllabus and learning objectives together, create the criteria of assessment or self-assessment and plan ahead concerning their learning and assessment. Teachers try to explain these criteria for pupils, promote pupils learning motivation, enthusiasm and creativity (according to their ability). Pupils (with teachers help) are trying to analyse their strengths and weaknesses, social skills needed for their socialisation and positive relationship with classmates.

Co-operation between pupils, parents and teachers

At least two or three times per year (for example after each term or more often if needed) the teacher discusses the progress of pupils with the pupils and their parents. The results are recorded, for example, in the logbooks, portfolios. The final assessment of these pupils is positive.
The teachers of basic schools in Lithuania are actively learning new methods of assessment, but it is really very difficult for them to apply these methods for pupils with SEN and implement them into teaching practice. Teachers are complaining about a huge teaching load: they are overloaded with tasks and duties and they do not have enough time to individualise and differentiate education.

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