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Preamble - Luxembourg

Definitions

  • Test: Individual written or spoken tests made in the classroom. Children have to learn at home and are tested at school. Tests generally are calculated on 60 points.
  • Evaluation: In school we call evaluation an act where the performance of a child is judged to a norm. Evaluation is made during the whole school year with tests in the different subjects. At the end of each term children get an end evaluation of their different works and tests (end of term report).
  • Assessment: No evident difference between evaluation and assessment in Luxembourg.
  • Diagnosis: If necessary made by specialised services (Service de Guidance de l’Enfance; Service Ré-Educatif Ambulatoire).

Description

In Luxembourg school is compulsory for children between 4 and 15 years. Parents can decide where their children should go (i.e. ordinary school, special school, private school …). But normally they go to the public school nearest to their home. Ordinary school is cost free for every child living in Luxembourg.
At the age of 3, children may go to “éducation précoce” (early education classes). But it is up to the parents to decide. Children are grouped in classes and learn by playing together with other children. The social aspect is very important in these classes.
From 4 to 6 years of age children go to “éducation préscolaire” (Kindergarden). Here they learn how to live, play and work together with other children. In these two years they can work with drawing, colours, scissors and several other games and exercises preparing them for writing, reading and calculating at primary school.
At the age of 6 they enter primary school for 6 years. They learn writing and reading, mathematics, biology, geography, history; they have gym, swimming, music and painting hours. We have Luxembourgish hours, but children learn to read and write in German. At the middle of the second year they also begin to learn French. 
After 6 years of primary school children go to post-primary school. Normally this will be for 7 years, but it depends on the training young people choose (classical, technical or basic). Here they learn English and may choose other languages, but it depends on their orientation (i.e. scientific orientation, language orientation, …).

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