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Innovations and developments - Portugal

When the policy changes occurred in 2001, the intention was to leave behind the curriculum based upon standard rules for every classroom and to implement a new concept of curriculum which would establish general organisation curriculum principles for basic education, as well as guidelines for the learning and development process of the national curriculum assessment. 

According to the new legislation, the national curriculum defines the competences and learning issues the pupils must develop in each of the basic education cycles and defines which type of educational practice to offer them. 

By means of its administrative and managing boards each school conceives the school curricular project based upon the national curriculum.

Each class has its own project, prepared by the class teacher, which consists of an adjustment of the schools curriculum to the context of each class. 

The national curriculum also refers to the pupils training taken as a whole, namely the development of social competences.

The new legal diploma integrates curriculum and assessment in order to ensure the regulation of the learning/teaching process, whose specific philosophy will be explained further on. 

Finally the diploma mentions several educational provisions available; depending on the pupils’ needs identified by the assessment process and providing different pathways so that each pupil may develop the main structural competences defined for each cycle and so by accomplishing the aims of compulsory education.

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