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Assessment in inclusive classrooms - Switzerland

This section describes models and practices of assessment that are adopted in inclusive classrooms in Switzerland. As the national educational system accords far reaching autonomy to the communities, the different models and practices represent attempts by single communities, schools or even teachers, to implement a system of assessment in special needs education that best fits the local needs and conditions. 

In these systems, several individuals and services are involved in the assessment process in a range of functions. Some are formally charged to accomplish an assessment of special educational needs (SEN) or to control these assessments. Others take part in this process without an official assignment or undertake limited assessment functions while working with pupils. 

Procedures

Various assessment measures are often employed before and after placement in an inclusive classroom.

In general, if indications arise for special educational assignment, a diagnostic examination of the pupil is undertaken. Usually, the SEN-teacher or the school psychologist assumes the task of “clarification”. Based on the results of this examination, the pupil is assigned to an appropriate class or school. Such a decision is reached jointly by parents and the classroom teacher. This responsibility rests with the supervising school authority.

After a pupil has been placed in an inclusive classroom, the official assessment process is concluded. Following this procedure the SEN-teacher is responsible for further assessments. This evaluation is an element of the teacher’s function and often not very dissimilar to the task of the regular teacher.   

Resources

Resources for assessment are usually provided by the communities. In an inclusive classroom, assessment is perceived as part of the daily instructional routine by teachers. They are an integral element of the professional duties of the remedial teacher and no special resources are offered for assessment tasks.

In some cases, the inclusive education of a pupil with SEN will be supported by the IV (Invalidity Insurance, see Policy-Report).

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