Country information for Bulgaria - Legislation and policy
Several laws, normative acts and various national strategy plans and programmes mention the principles for a supportive environment for learners with special educational needs (access to state matriculation examinations, access to buildings, information and communication access at schools and universities, the development of special syllabuses and educational programmes, printing adapted textbooks and teaching aids, teacher training, etc.). These include the Public Education Act, the Law on the Integration of People with Disabilities and the Programme for Development of Education, Science and Youth Policies in the Republic of Bulgaria (2009–2013).
Public Education Act
In 2002, changes in the law regulated the integrated training of children and pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in pre-schools, general education schools and vocational schools (source: Eurydice, 2013a).
Rules for the Public Education Act Enforcement
Changes in the rules in 2003 regulated practical enforcement of integrated training by defining learners with SEN, by forming teams for complex pedagogical evaluation in regional inspectorates on education, by creating a supportive and accessible environment in pre-schools and schools, and by creating teams of experts (source: Eurydice, 2013a).
Law on the Integration of People with Disabilities
This law regulates the Ministry of Education and Science’s commitments to provide ‘integrated training’ for learners with SEN in pre-school and school, as well as arrangements for secondary schools related to the admission and training of learners with disabilities (source: Eurydice, 2013a).
Ordinance No. 1 of 23 January 2009 on the training of children and pupils with SEN and/or with chronic diseases
This defines fundamental principles and objectives of complex pedagogical evaluation, imposed by practice, additional functions of expert teams, co-ordination of activities of resource support in the process of education and training, co-operation with parents of children with disabilities and new functions of specialised schools according to the new priorities in the activities of the Ministry of Education and Science, related to the development of integrated education (source: Eurydice, 2013a).
National plan for integration of children with SEN and/or with chronic diseases in the system of national education, adopted by Council of Ministers’ Decision in 2003
The document defines, for the first time, certain specific activities, time frames and responsibilities of various institutions and organisations for implementing integrated training (source: Eurydice, 2013a).
Programme for Development of Education, Science and Youth Policies in the Republic of Bulgaria (2009–2013)
This defines the Ministry of Education and Science’s strategic priority directions, one of which is equal access to education for all learners. Certain ordinances regulate specific educational, social and other measures to provide conditions and opportunities for all children to learn and develop their potential. They include:
- Ordinance No. 3/2004 for organisation and conduct of state matriculation exams
- Ordinance No. 3/2003 for the evaluation system
- Ordinance of 2003 for textbooks and teaching aids
- Ordinance of 2003 on the terms and conditions for the protection of gifted children
- Strategy for Educational Integration of Children and Pupils from Ethnic Minorities
- National Strategy for Children 2008–2018
- National Programme for Child Protection
- National programme for safeguarding the rights of children with disabilities 2010–2013
- Ordinance No. 3/2009 on the terms and conditions for providing free education in Bulgarian language, as well as for learning the mother tongue and culture of learners at compulsory school age – children of citizens from European Union (EU) member states, the European Economic Area and Switzerland, etc. (source: Eurydice, 2013a).
Specific support measures for migrant children and children of citizens from EU member states, the European Economic Area and Switzerland concern the provision of free training in Bulgarian language, as well as learning the pupils’ mother tongue and culture at compulsory school age (source: Eurydice, 2016a).
A strategy for educational integration of children and pupils from ethnic minorities (2005–2015) was approved in 2004. It was based on a number of international and national documents to combat discrimination in the field of education and to protect the rights of individuals belonging to national, ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities (source: Eurydice, 2016b).
A new Strategy for Educational Integration of Children and Learners from Ethnic Minorities and a plan for its implementation are available for 2015–2020. The strategy aims to improve access to education and the quality of education for children and learners from ethnic minorities (source: Ministry of Finance, 2016).
Project BG051PO001 - 4-1.07 on ‘Inclusive Education’ under the Human Resources Development 2007–2013 Operational Programme aimed to create conditions for establishing an educational environment oriented towards personal development and inclusive education for ‘students with deviant behaviour’ (source: Ministry of Finance, 2016, National Reform Programme, 2016 Update, p. 24). It covered over 3,000 children and pupils with SEN and pre-primary children at risk of learning difficulties. In total, it covered over 2,000 professionals, teachers and other team members for resource support.
Relevant legislation for education
- National Education Act (NEA)
- Law on the Level of Schooling, the General Education Minimum and the Syllabus
- Vocational Education and Training Act
- Higher Education Act
- Students and Doctoral Students Credit Act (in Bulgarian only)
- Academic Staff Development Act in Republic of Bulgaria (in Bulgarian only)
- Academic Degrees and Academic Ranks Act
- Promotion of Scientific Research Act
Last updated 14/02/2018