Country information for Sweden - Assessment within inclusive education systems

The local municipalities are independent in terms of organisation. There are different ways to identify and investigate individual needs for special support.

In the Education Act, every school must have a pupil health team under the head teacher. These teams work with prevention, intervention and compensation for pupils with educational needs. Health services and psychologists are available for pupils, parents and childcare and school staff to consult. There are regular health checks for all children.

Parents approve longer-term or more detailed investigations by psychologists or medical staff. This is not the case for pedagogical investigations.

Parents or guardians must be offered a forum for consultation in order to influence their child’s education. Each pre-primary and school unit shall contain one or more forums for consultation with learners and guardians. Within these forums, learners and guardians must be informed of proposals and given an opportunity to comment before decisions are made. The head is responsible for forums for consultation and information and for ensuring that consultation obligations are fulfilled.

Municipal childcare, pre-primary activities, compulsory schooling, after-school centres and youth centres are often part of the same organisation with a common school board. Often, several of these activities are integrated, with staff organising joint work together. This facilitates a complete view of each pupil. It is common practice to provide for the pupils’ needs in close co-operation with their parents. The Education Act (Skollagen 2010:800 13 §) states the importance of parents’ participation in planning pupils’ education.

New grading system: A to F

The new grading scale has six levels: A–F. For each subject and course there are knowledge requirements (standards) for grades A, C and E. Grades A–E are pass results, while F is the non-pass result. The rating serves to express the extent to which a pupil has attained the knowledge for each subject and course. If the pupil has been absent frequently and a grade cannot be awarded as it is impossible to assess their knowledge, then the symbol (-) is inserted in the grade records. However, grades F and (-) should not be used in the compulsory or upper‑secondary schools for pupils with learning disabilities.

The Swedish Schools Inspectorate scrutinises schools and assesses applications to run independent schools. People contact the Swedish Schools Inspectorate if they believe that a school has done something wrong. The objective is good education in a safe environment. (For more information, refer to the activities of the Swedish Schools Inspectorate).

In years 3, 5 and 9, learners undertake national compulsory tests in maths, English, Swedish and Swedish as a second language. Additional tests are given in years 6 and 9 in one subject from biology, physics and chemistry and one from geography, history, religion and social studies. These tests are the basis for individual evaluations, school plans and national comparisons.

Grades are awarded in years 6, 7 and 8 in compulsory school. In the eighth year, a term grade is awarded at the end of the autumn and spring terms. In the ninth year, a term grade is awarded at the end of the autumn term and a final grade at the end of the spring term. The final grade is used for applications to upper-secondary school. For more information about the grading scale, refer to the National Agency for Education website.


Last updated 25/03/2020

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