Teacher Education for Inclusion

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Welcome to the Teacher Education for Inclusion project web area.

The topic of Teacher Education for Inclusion has been highlighted by all Agency country representatives as being of top priority. The project started in 2009 and ended with a final project conference in February 2012. All information from the project activities is available here. 

The project has addressed the following key issues:

  • What kind of teachers do we need for an inclusive society in a 21st century school?
  • What are the essential teacher competences for inclusive education?

Project activities have focused upon:

  • The education of mainstream, general teachers and how they are prepared to work in inclusive settings;
  • The initial teacher education phase as a priority.

The essential question for consideration has been: how all teachers are prepared via their initial education to be 'inclusive'.

These Agency member countries participated in project activities: Austria, Belgium (both the Flemish and French speaking communities), Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK (England), UK (Northern Ireland), UK (Scotland) and UK (Wales).

In addition representatives from European Commission, DG Education and Culture, UNESCO-International Bureau of Education and OECD-CERI participated in project activities as observers.

Individual country reports are available and country information is also presented in a database of key topics which includes relevant literature from participating countries.

Policy and literature reviews

In order to put the Agency project activities into a wider context, an extensive review of literature has been undertaken and two documents are available:

  1. a review of international policy statements impacting upon teacher education. This document presents information on documents, reports and project write-ups from key international organisations: mainly the European Council, Parliament and Commission, UNESCO, OECD and the Council of Europe.
  2. a review of international research literature in the field of teacher education generally and teacher education for inclusion specifically. The review has been developed with input from representatives of the European Commission, DG Education and Culture, UNESCO International Bureau of Education and OECD-CERI. Most importantly, a review of research information has been conducted by experts from 18 countries participating in the Agency project and this is also included in the review document.

Teacher Education for Inclusion Across Europe – Challenges and Opportunities

Teacher Education for Inclusion across Europe – Challenges and Opportunities presents a synthesis of policy and practice from 25 Agency member countries.  The Teacher Education for Inclusion project investigated how all teachers are prepared via their initial training to meet the needs of more diverse learners in the classroom.

This report draws on the detailed accounts of policy and practice in this area of work, prepared by participating countries and also on policy and literature reviews and information gathered during country study visits.
Examples of innovative practice are included throughout the document, which concludes with a review of the wider policy framework to support teacher education for inclusion and a summary of key issues and challenges.

The report makes recommendations both for wider policy and, more specifically to support further development of teacher education for inclusion.

This report sets out the project methodology and background context for teacher education for inclusion in Europe and includes information about the structure and content of teacher education programmes, including teaching practice, the role and development of teacher educators and the competences considered necessary to be an effective, inclusive teacher.

The synthesis report is available [in all official Agency languages] in the Publications section of the Agency website. 

A summary of key policy messages is also available.