The Impact of COVID-19 on Inclusive Education at the European Level: Literature Review

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has affected learners around the world. School closures forced emergency responses from education systems, resulting in various forms of remote schooling. The crisis highlighted pre-existing inequalities in education and provided a reason for systemic change in education worldwide.

This literature review aims to map evidence and identify acknowledged ways in which COVID‑19 has impacted on education in general and inclusive education in particular at European and national levels. The intention is to provide a comprehensive overview of key messages for Agency member countries. It will also inform possible future Agency work on this topic.

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compulsory education
early childhood education
early school leaving
information accessibility
information and communication technology
social inclusion
teacher education

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